Water Scarcity: An Introduction

        Water is one of our most precious resources and as much as we want it to be, it is not an infinite resource. Water is all around us but only 2.5% of water is fresh water. A main problem that we face all over the world is to meet daily needs of water- 1 in 3 people around the world suffer as water isn’t as accessible to them for their needs. We struggle to get water directly to communities far and near, and this problem gets worse due to climate change, deforestation, increased population and urbanization. This problem is only going to get worse as cities and populations grow and as the need for water increases in agriculture, industries and households. As demand increases, we keep digging deeper and deeper to find it. Farming accounts for 70% of water use and as the population will keep increasing the usage will also increase.  We need the right crops and planting methods , better water supply system, environmental restoration and climate forecasting to reduce drought and flood risks.

How is water scarcity affecting countries?

India

Today in India, shifts in climate and increases in population are drastically depleting water supplies. 90% of water consumed is used for agricultural purposes. From 1990-2012, groundwater supplies has decreased up to 1 Meter and will continue to do so. As the population will keep on growing (1,270,272,105 today) and water keeps depleting, by the year 2080 India could have smaller harvest to feed its population which will act as a domino effect leading to other problems!

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How can I take action?

You don’t have to turn your life upside down to save water and make better decisions. A few small trades in your everyday can make a huge difference. Try some of these methods today!

  • Conserve water! Turn off the water while you wash your face, shave, or brush your teeth.  If you’re not going to use the water for a few seconds, take just a second to just shut it off!
  • Try investing in low-flush toilets, shower heads and faucet aerators. You’ll thousands of gallons of water each year and your water bill will be lower!
  • You don’t really need those 30 minutes to take a shower. Try shortening your shower down to 10 minutes or so (not more!)
  • A dripping faucet can waste up to 2,000 gallons/7,600 liters of water a year. Check the plumbing in your house and repair the leaks as soon as possible – ( this will even save you money- you know you want to fix it now).
  • Reduce your use of pesticides and fertilizers, and look for safer alternatives to control weeds and bugs. Lawn and garden pesticides and fertilizers can pollute the water. Some alternatives are geraniums to repel Japanese beetles; garlic and mint to repel aphids; and marigolds to repel whiteflies.
  • Try not to water your lawn when its not the hottest time of the day (12pm-4pm) and really try not to water your lawn when it’s raining- the rain is already doing it for you. Skip the day . On average, 50% – 70% of household water is used outdoors for watering lawns and gardens.
  • Use mulch if you have a garden. It helps to conserve water by holding moisture in the earth longer.
 

 

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