Simone de Beauvoir: French Philosopher, writer, wrote “The Second Sex.” In her book she questioned if women really existed. She made statements like, “a women is a womb,” and a “woman is an inadequate man.” Beauvoir wanted women to be the subject of their own lives. She discusses the idea that women live with the oppressor and have never reached solidarity. She wrote that women have no past, history, or religion of their own. Beauvoir wanted women to be able to be who they wanted to be
Betty Ferdinand: Educated, wealthy woman, small reporter and housewife. Ferdinand coined the term “the problem with no name,” to describe the dissatisfaction housewives during her time felt. She published, “The Feminine Mystique,” which sold more than 2 million copies in its first week. It questioned if being a housewife is all women wanted in life.
Margaret Sanger: Feminist of the second wave movement who wrote about female sexuality and venereal disease. Sanger wanted to save women from endless and unwanted childbirths. She pushed for an option other than condoms and abstinence. Without Sanger, the birth control pill might not have existed as early as it did, she found the woman who funded the research and the doctor who did the research and the Pill was on the market by 1963. She started the Birth Control Federation of America in 1939, which later became Planned Parenthood.
Angela Davis: Promoted the idea that all types of oppression were interlocking. She wanted people to understand the problems they faced and engage in the struggle. She was an advocate for women’s rights as well as African American rights.
Martha Shelley: In 1969 she published, “The Notes of a Radical Lesbian,” questioning her role in society as a lesbian woman. She believed lesbians were threat to white supremacy because she did not need to depend on a man and she did not want to. Shelley wanted to educate people about how their identities are affected by politics.